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The Norwegian writer Knut Hamsun combines brilliance and profound low points, culture and barbarism to an extreme extent: he is an alluring writer who grew up in the second half of the 19th century surrounded by poverty and bigotry and subsequently became one of the leading protagonists of modernist literature, admired by Kafka, Miller and Joyce. And yet he was also an overt Nazi, who gave his Nobel Prize medal to Goebbels, made a pilgrimage to visit Hitler at Obersalzberg and wrote an infamous obituary of him in 1945, remaining politically blinded to the end of his long life. A delight in provocation, transgression and excess are as much part of his life as his literature and both carry within them sharp, irreconcilable contradictions that we can still see today.

Hamsun’s novel Mysteries (1892), which followed his more famous novel Hunger that established Hamsun’s literary reputation, is an energizing, remorseless, delirious book. A mysterious stranger, a man called Nagel, turns up in a Norwegian port wearing a bright yellow suit and with a violin case under his arm that turns out to be full of dirty laundry and with an iron ring on his finger that he believes possesses miraculous powers. He attracts attention wherever he goes, though people never really know where they are with him: he is contradictory, unorthodox, immoderate. He makes friends with the local oddball, called Minute, who he protects from bullies and gives money to, even though he believes he is a murderer. He falls unwelcomely in love with the newly-engaged pastor’s daughter, killing her beloved dog. He makes a great show of buying a worthless chair for a large sum of money from a woman who is no longer young and then proposes marriage to her. He throws his money around while claiming he has none. He is always on the go and his hand is constantly on the trigger: his thoughts are like arson attacks on what the citizens of this small town see as common sense – nothing is safe from him: science and liberalism, the mediocrity of supposedly great men and the despised masses. He is constantly self-dramatising, calculating and miscalculating and laying himself bare. He keeps cyanide in his jacket pocket, ready at all times, but his attempt at suicide fails. In the end he jumps into the sea after throwing his ring away into it.

The mysteries of the novel’s title “announce themselves like a blizzard of great power”, as one of Hamsun’s contemporaries put it: an ego is let loose here, disorientated amid the world’s myriad symbols, driven by the ancient and modern question: what can we hold on to in order to survive? Science? Faith? Lies (are they lies)? The community? Violence? Love? In the end we are left searching for salvation – from loneliness, from guilt and from ourselves.

Knut Hamsun: Mysterier Copyright © Gyldendal Norsk Forlag AAS. 1892 [All rights reserved.]

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